THE HEART OF THE WORLD
Our world divided in to two parts which are water and land, water has the biggest part whish is72% but, the land divided into six continents which are: Asia, Africa, Australia , Europe, North America and South America. The country that we will talk about it is located in the northern corner of the continent and African regional tour is part of South-West Asia and the Sinai Peninsula and thus the heart of the ancient world and three Gareth Forum (Asia - Africa – Europe).
This country set up the largest dam in the world during the twentieth century (high dam). And the longest bridge in the middle East and Africa (October 6 bridge) and the largest stadium in the Middle East and Africa. Also, this country is one of the greatest tourist country which receives 8,000,000 tourists a year. This country is the fifth largest country in the production of natural gas and crude production in the first Titanium that is within aircraft industry. With that, this country has the fourth largest library in the world. This country has more than a third of the world there are traces and the largest museums. This country become known and famous because it has one of the seven wonder of the world.
So, What is this country? Where is located? What is the nationality of the people who live there? Is it Arabian country or not? Who is the president? When independence was? Who is previously occupied? This country is Arab Republic of Egypt, which is located in North Africa, between Libya and the Gaza strip, the Red sea North of Sudan and including the Asian Sinai Peninsula. The capital of it is Cairo, and the area of Egypt are 1,001,450 KM2,995,450 Km2 are land ,and 6,000 KM2 are water. The total population are 81,713,520, the average life expectancy for male are 69 years, and 74 years for female. The literacy rate for male are 83% and 59,4% for female. The birth rate 22.12 per 1000population. Infant Mortality rate is -0.21 per 1000 live births. And the death rate 5.09 per 1000 population. The official languages are Arabic(official), English and French widely understood by education classes. The major religions are Muslims 90%, Coptic 9%, 1% are other Christians. 98% are Egyptians, Barber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Baja 1%, Greek Armenian, other European 1%.
“IN THE 27TH CENTURY BC, THE FIRST PYRAMID WAS BUILT AND PYRAMIDS BECAME THE MOST POPULAR WAY TO BURY ROYALTY. ONE REASON WHY THE PYRAMIDS WEAR SO FASCINATING WAS THAT THEY WERE SO FASCINATING WAS THAT THEY WERE THE EARLIEST BUILDINGS EVER TO BE MADE BY PRECISELY CUTTING AND PUTTING TOGETHER GREAT BLOCKS OF STONE. ONE OF THE FAMOUS PYRAMIDS IS THE GREAT PYRAMID OF KHUFU. IT HAS 2,3000,000 BLOCKS AND EACH BLOCK IN THE PYRAMID WEIGHS 2.5 TONS”. THERE ARE 138 PYRAMIDS DISCOVERED IN EGYPT AS OF THE GREAST PYRAMIDS OF GIZA IS THE LARGEST IN EGYPT AND ONE OF THE WORLD.
Egypt is a republic government system, The President of the Republic should be an Egyptian born to Egyptian parents and enjoy civil and political rights. His age must not be less than 40 Gregorian years the First President of Egypt, Muhammad Naguib, who took office on 18 June 1953. And The 4th and current President of Egypt is Hosni Mubarak. His first term ran from 14 October 1981 and As of September 2005 is serving his fifth term in office.
The history of Egypt is the longest continuous history, as a unified state, of any country in the world. “The History of modern Egypt conventionally begins with the French expedition led by Napoleon Bonaparte and Mohammed Ali's subsequent assumption of power in 1801. In 1882, Egypt became part of the British sphere of influence in the region, a situation that conflicted with Egypt's position as part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1914, the country became a British protectorate and achieved independence in 1922. British troops, however, remained in the country until 1936 after the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, and finally with the declaration of a republic in 1952. Gamal Abdel Nasser's resultant one party state has seen many changes but has remained in place, firstly under Anwar Sadat, and until the present day government headed by Hosni Mubarak”.
Egypt has many problems ,but the two main problems are environmental problems and economic problems. The loss of agricultural land by encroaching urbanization and desertification. “ Soil fertility has declined because of over cultivation and agricultural land has been lost to urbanization and desert winds. In addition, the nation’s beaches, coral reefs, and wildlife habitats are threatened by oil pollution” . Another problem that Egypt suffer is unemployed people. In recent years, very drastic changes have occurred in the labor market , many of which need to studied carefully if new policies addressing certain problems are to be effective. Although unemployment rates declined to 8.3 percent in 2006 compared to 11.7 percent of unemployed in Egypt are under the age of 30 and 92 percent have a secondary education.
Even if Egypt suffer from some problem same as other country , it still the mother of the world as we say in Arabic. Any one will visit Egypt he or she will visited again because it is a country that your heart concerning in it even if you are young or old person. Egypt is one of the popular country that every one want to visit it.